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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Edo Meisho Zue

Edo Meisho Zue

Edo Meisho Zue is a giographical description of Edo with some drawings. It was completed by Yukio, Yukitaka and Yukinari Sait, parent and child 3 generations lived in Kanda, they researched hundreds fo shrines, temples, landmarks and historical spots in and outskirt of Edo during Kansei era (1789 - 1801). The drawings were drawn by Setsutan Hasegawa. It was published in 1834 and 1836. It describes historical and special information of shrines, temples, landmarks and historical spots around Edo.
Though there were many guide books describing Edo published, Edo Meisho Zue was more popular than other books. And it is a very good resource to know the life and culture in Edo in late Edo period.
The book describes Edo and outskirts of Edo, Nakayama Hokekyoji Temple, Mamasan Guhoji Temple, Katsushika Hachimangu Shrine in Yawata, Kaiganzan Tokuganji Temple and so forth were written in very specifically.


参考
市川市ホームページ
真間山弘法寺ホームページ
改訂新版「市川のむかし話」
大辞泉
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
百科事典マイペディア
世界大百科事典

Hiroshige Utagawa

Hiroshige Utagawa(1797-1858)

Hiroshige Utagawa was an ukiyoe artist from Edo in late Edo period. His family name was Ando, he was a son of hikeshi doshin (a samurai fire fighter belonging to Edo Bakufu). In 1806, he lost his parents, first he succeeded his family business, but he aimed to be an artist. In 1808, Hiroshige first studied under Toyohiro Utagawa. Then he was given his artist's pseudonym Ichiyusai. From 1832, he used Ichiryusai as his pseudonym, later he used Ryusai. In addition, he also studiied under Rinsai Okajima of Kanoha (Kano group), learned the Nanga (Southern painting) from Unpo Ooka, and he also studied the painting from Shijoha (Shijo group) and Western painting.
First he painted portraits and cuts. In 1832, he joined to the envoy of Edo Bakufu to the Imperial Court in Kyoto, he sketched from nature and life in some places during the trip, and he published 55 copies of 'the Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido Highway'. He also published 'Kyoto Meisho (Landmarks in Kyoto)', 'Naniwa Meisho (Landmarks in Osaka)' and 'Meisho Edo Hyakkei (100 landmarks of Tokyo)'.
Although Hiroshige was famous for a landscape painter, he had brilliant talents to Kachoga (pictures of flowers and birds) and original paintings. He had many pupils, and his name 'Hiroshige' was succeeded by three generations.
Mama no Tsugihashi and Tekonareishindo Shrine in Ichikawa city were painted in Meisho Edo Hyakkei by Hiroshige.


参考
大辞泉
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典

Ikku Jippensha

Ikku Jippensha(1765-1831)

Ikku Jippensha was a humorous novel writer in Edo period. Ikku Jippensha was his pseudonym, his name was Sadakatsu Shigeta and he was come from Suruga (Shizuoka prefecture).
First, he went to Edo to serve a samurai and he dropped out. After he had led his vagabond life for several years, he went to Kyoto and he became a joruri writer, but he could not succeed. He went back to Edo and wrote some humorous stories. His masterpiece 'Tokai Dochu Hizakurige (a humorous story during a trip on Tokaido) got a smash hit, after that he wrote many sequels to this story.
He was counted as one of the two popular humorous novel writers. ' Shingaku Tokei Gusa' is one of his masterpieces.


参考
大辞泉
日本世界人名辞典
新制版 日本史辞典

Unkei

Unkei (?-1223)

Unkei was a sculptor of Buddhist images from late Heian to early Kamakura Period. His father is Kokei, he played a leading part of sculptors belonging to Keiha (Kei group). He contributed to create Kamakura Shin Yoshiki (New Kamakura Style).
Some of his works exist, Kongo Rikishizo (sculptures of Deva Kings) in Nandaimon at Todaiji Temple, and the sculptures of Miroku, Muchaku and Seshin in Hokuendo hall at Kofukuji Temple in Nara are famous.
There is a legend that the Kongo Rikishizo (sculptures of Deva Kings) in Niomon at Mamasan Guhoji Temple were carved by Unkei.


参考
市川市ホームページ
真間山弘法寺ホームページ
大辞泉
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典