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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Kamakura Kubo / Kanto Kubo

Kamakura Kubo or Kanto Kubo

Kamakura Kubo was the title for a chief officer in Kamakura appointed by Muromachi Bakufu to rule samurais in Kanto region.
In 1349, Takauji Ashikaga, the first Shoguno of Muromach Bakufu sent his second son Motouji to Kamakura as the Kubo. After that, descendants of Motouji sacceeded the position.
The influence of the Kubo was declined after Eikyo Incident. The 5th Kubo Shigeuji Ashikaga betrayed the Bakufu and he moved to Koga in Shomousa and he opposed to Horikoshi Kubo sent by the Bakufu. After that, he named Koga Kubo.
Kamakura Kubo sometimes called Kanto Kubo and Kamakura Gosho.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
クロニック戦国全史
ウィッキペディア

The Successive Kamakura and Koga Kubos

Kamakura Kubos

  • 01 Motouji Ashikaga 1349-1367
  • 02 Ujimitsu Ashikaga 1367-1398
  • 03 Mitsukane Ashikaga 1398-1409
  • 04 Mochiuji Ashikaga 1409-1439
  • 05 Shigeuji Ashikaga 1439-1455

Kamakura Kubos

  • 01 Shigeuji Ashikaga 1455-1497
  • 02 Masauji Ashikaga 1497-1512
  • 03 Takamoto Ashikaga 1512-1535
  • 04 Haruuji Ashikaga 1535-1552
  • 05 Yoshiuji Ashikaga 1552-1583


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名辞典
クロニック戦国全史
ウィッキペディア

Koga Kubo

Koga Kubo

After the battle at Bubaigawara in 1455, Kamakura Kubo Shigeuji Ashikaga escaped to and raised his arms at Koga in Shimousa Province. Therefore, he and his descendants were called Koga Kubo.
Koga Kubo opposed to Muromachi Bakufu, Horikoshi Kubo and Uesgi Clans there. Finally, Koga Kubo surrendered to Hojo Family in Odawara. After the death of the 5th Kubo Yoshiuji in 1583, Koga Kubo was ruined.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
クロニック戦国全史
ウィッキペディア

Horikoshi Kubo

Horikoshi Kubo

Horikoshi Kubo was a kind of nikname of Masatomo Ashikaga.
Yoshimasa Ashikaga, the 8th Shogun of Muromachi Bakufu, sent Masatomo to Kanto to be the chief officer of Kamakurafu and to defeat Shigauji Ashikaga since Shigeuji disregarded the Bakufu's orders and he raised his arms at Koga in Shimousa. However, Masatomo could not enter into Kamakura, then he stayed at Horikosi in Izu and he opposed to Shigeuji there until he died in 1491. Therefore, he was called Horikoshi Kubo.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
クロニック戦国全史
ウィッキペディア

Kanto Kanrei

Kanto Kanrei

Kanto Kanrei was a title of a position that supported the chief officer of the branch office of Muromachi Bakufu in Kamakura. The position was succeeded by Uesugi Family. Kanto Kanrei administered affairs of the east part of Japan. The office of the Kanrei was called Kamakurafu. Then, sometimes it was called Kamakura Kanrei.
First, Takauji Ashikaga send his 4th son Motouji Kamakura as the Kanrei and he appointed Uesugi Family as a steward of Motouji. However, Kanrei gained power among Kanto Region gradually, Mitsukane, the grandson of Motouji, named himself Kamakura Kubo and Uesugi Family took the position of Kanto Kanrei.
In 1439, Mochiuji opposed to the Bakufu, then he was destroyed by the Bakufu, it was called 'Eikyo no Ran (Eikyo Inchident)'. After the incident, Uesugi Family gained power that was worthy of Kanto Kanrei.
Later, Shigeuji Ashikaga, the son of Mochiuji, was once appointed to be the Kanrei, but he opposed to Masatomo Ashikaga who was sent by the Bakufu to be the chief officer of Kamakurafu. As the result, Shigeuji escaped to Koga in Shimousa and Masatomo could not enter Kamakura. Therefore, Shigauji was called Koga Kubo and Masatomo was called Horikoshi Kubo. And there were constant troubles within Uesgi Family, then the influence of Kanto Kanrei was declined.
In Sengoku Period, Hojo Family in Odawara began its rise power in Kanto Region and the Hojo defeated Norimasa Uesugi. Norimasa finally escaped to Echigo (Niigataken) and Norimasa abdicated his family name and the position of Kanto Kanrei to Kagetora Nagao (his Buddhist name Kenshin Uesugi).



参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
クロニック戦国全史
ウィッキペディア