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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Minamoto Family / Genji

Minamoto Family / Genji

Since early Heian period, the Emperors gave the family name 'Minamoto' to their children and their family members to be their subjects. In 814, it had started since the Emperor Saga gave the name to his children. Minamoto is often called Genji, so the children of the Emperor Saga were called Saga Genji. There were 21 clans given the family name Minamoto. Seiwa Genji, Murakami Genji, Uta Genji and Kazan Genji are famous.
Minamoto Clans took the leading positions among samurai worriers later.
The Members of Seiwa Genji Clan are descendants of Mototsuneo (Prince Mototsune) who is a grandson of the Emperor Seiwa. Mitsunaka, the son of Mototsune, and his descendants based in Settsu (northern part of Osaka prefecture), Yamato (Nara prefecture) and Kawachi province (southern part of Osaka). After their successful contributions at Zen Ku nen no Eki (the Former Nine Years War) from 1056 to 1064 and at Go San nen no Eki (the Later Three Years War) from 1086 to 1088, Yoriysoshi and his son Yoshiie gained their influences among the eastern part of Japan. Though they had lost the power while Kiyomori Taira gained the supreme power in Japan, Yoritomo Minamoto founded Kamakura Bakufu and gained the power again. Ashikaga, Akechi, Ota, Takeda, Satomi and Satake Family belong to this lineage. And many other families of samurai worriers claimed that they were relatives of Seiwa Genji Clan.
Murakami Genji Clan is the descendant of Morofusa who is a grandson of the Emperor Murakami, and many members of this family became right and left minister of the Imperial Court in the middle of Heian period. Michichika is very famous. Kitabatake, Akamatsu, Arima and Bessho Family belong to this lineage.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林

Seiwa Genji Clan

Seiwa Genji Clan

The Members of Seiwa Genji Clan are descendants of Mototsuneo (Prince Mototsune) who is a grandson of the 56th Emperor Seiwa. In 961, Mototsune was given the family name 'Minamoto', this is the beginning of this clan. Mitsunaka, the son of Prince Mototsune, was appointed as Chinjufu Shogun (the general to protect northern territory), and his descendants based in Settsu (northern part of Osaka prefecture), Yamato (Nara prefecture) and Kawachi province (southern part of Osaka). After their successful contributions at Zen Ku nen no Eki (the Former Nine Years War) from 1056 to 1064 and at Go San nen no Eki (the Later Three Years War) from 1086 to 1088, Yoriysoshi and his son Yoshiie gained their influences among the eastern part of Japan. Though they had lost the power while Kiyomori Taira gained the supreme power in Japan, Yoritomo Minamoto founded Kamakura Bakufu and gained the power again. Ashikaga, Akechi, Ota, Takeda, Satomiand Satake Family belong to this lineage. And many other families of samurai worriers claimed that they were relatives of Seiwa Genji Clan.


参考
大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
ウィッキペディア

Minamoto no Yoritomo / Yoritomo Minamoto

Minamoto no Yoritomo / Yoritomo Minamoto (1147-1199)

Minamoto no Yoritomo is the first Shogun of Kamakura Bakufu. His father is Yoshitomo, after Heiji no Ran (the War in Heiji Era) in 1159, Yoshitomo was killed and Yoritomo was exiled to Hirugashima in Izu province (the eastern part of Shizuoka province). In 1180, Yoritomo was given a command to hunt and kill Taira Clan in Kyoto by Prince Mochihito and got the aid of Tokimasa Hojo, the father of his wife Masako, then he raised his arm to fight against Taira Clan in Kyoto. However, he lost the battle in Ishibashiyama. After that, he escaped to Awa province (the southern part of Chiba province) to fight another battle. He could successfully gather troops among Kanto region, his younger brothers Noriyori and Yoshitsune also came and supported him. Yoritomo came back to Kamakura and brought the eastern part of Japan under his control. He won the battle of Fujigawa river in 1180. He was gained the approval to control the eastern part of Japan by the Imperial Court in 1183. Then he sent his brothers to Kyoto and finally they overthrew Taira Clan at the battle of Dan no Ura in 1185.
Yoritomo gained the approval to appoint Shugo (the military governor) and Jito (local officers for administration) to hunt and kill his brother Yoshitsune, then he got the real power to control the country. Yoritomo was appointed to be the first Shogun in 1192 and he founded Samurai Government in Japan so this is the beginning of the Samurais Government continuing for 670 years.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典

Minamoto no Yoshiie / Yoshiie Minamoto

Minamoto no Yoshiie / Yoshiie Minamoto (1039-1106 or 1041-1108)

Minamoto no Yoshiie is a leading samurai worrier in late Heian period. He is a son of Yoriyoshi and elder brother of Yoshimitsu, so his family is joined to Seiwa Genji Family. Yoshiie is also called Hachiman Taro.
Yoshiie actively worked at the battle of Zen Kunen no Eki (1056-1064: Former Nine Years War). He studied military tactics at Masafusa Ooe. After that he first became the governor of Dewa province (Akita and Yamagata Prefecture), then Mutsu province and the general to protect the northern lands. He won the battle of Go Sannen no Eki (1086-1088: Later Three Years War).
Yoshiie Minamoto gave his whole fortune to thank his samurai worriers for their works at the battles and he gained the confidence of the worries. Then many land owners donated their lands to Yoshiie, but it was forbidden by the Imperial Court.
He was the first samurai worriers given the admission to visit the Imperial Palace in 1098.
Yoshiie contributed to improve samurai worriers' status in politics and society. And his family flourished their power in the eastern provinces.


参考
新制版 日本史辞典
大辞林
日本世界人名事典