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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Oda Family in Owari, the Family Tree of Nobunaga Oda

Oda Family in Owari

Oda Famiy was a sengoku daimyo in Owari Province (Aichi prefecture).
According to the Oda Family Records, origine of Oda Family joined to Taira Family, Chikazane Taira, a son of Sukemori Taira, a grandson of Shigemori Taira, moved to Tsuda-go in Oumi Province (Omi Hachiman City in Shiga prefecture), later the priest of Oda Tsurugi Myojin Shrine in Oda-sho in Echizen province (Odacho in Fukui prefecture) brought up one of descendants of Chikazane. Therefore, they named Oda themselves. Hovever, Nobunaga Oda signed 'Nobunga Fujiwara' on the signboard by himself in 1549, so he thought Oda Family belonged to Fujiwara Family. It means that Nobunaga changed Fujiwara to Taira since there had been a philosophy that Taira and Minamoto had turned to take the power to control Japan.
Anyway, the Oda was an officer managing Oda-sho and the priest of Oda Turugi Myojin Shirne, and the Oda served Shiba Family, the military governor of Echizen. In 1400, Oda moved to Owari as a vice governor of Owari when Yoshishige Shiba had gain the position of the military governor of Owari.
Oda Family was divided into two and fought against each other because of the internal troubles of Shiba Family becoming one of the causes of Onin Incident, one was Oda Ise no Kami in Iwakurajo Castle and another one was Oda Yamato no Kami in Kiyosujo Castle. Finally, Nobuhide Oda who was one of three bugyos (managers) serving Oda Family in Kiyosu gained the power to control his master and he invaded neighbor provinces, Mikawa and Mino.
In 1555, Nobunaga Oda, the son of Nobuhide, overthrew his master's family of Oda Family in Kiyosu, and he gained the power to control Owari province completely. After that, the family of Nobunaga could be seen the main stream of Oda Family. Nobunaga was celebrated for his valor after the victory at the battle at Okehazama in 1560 that he killed Yoshimoto Imagawa, a sengoku daimyo ruled Suruga province. Nobunaga had fought in one place to another to gain the power to rule whole Japan until he was died with his son Nobutada at Honnoji Incident in 1582 by his retainer Mitsuhide Akechi.
After the death of Nobunaga, Hidenobu, the son of Nobutada, succeeded Oda Family by the great support of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, but his family was ruined since he supported Mitsunari Ishida and the western Sengoku Daimyos at the battles in Sekigahara in 1600.
The descendants of Nobukatsu, the second son of Nobunaga, kept his family in Tendo (Yamagata prefecture) and Kaibara in Tanba (Hyogo prefecture) by Meiji Era.


参考
クロニック戦国全史
大辞林
新制版 日本史辞典

Nobunaga Oda

Nobunaga Oda 1534 - 1582

Nobunaga Oda was a daimyo from Owari (Aichiken) in Sengoku Period. His father was Nobuhide. And his name in childhood was Kipposhi.
Nobunaga overthrew Yoshimoto Imagawa, a sengoku daimyo ruling Suruga, Totomi and Mikawa at the battle in Okehazama in 1560. He soon concluded a military alliance with Tokugawa Clan who gained the independent state at Mikawa after Imagawa lost the battle. Next, Nobunaga gained Inabayamajo Castle in Mino (Gifuken). Then he took Yoshiaki Ashikaga, the 15th Shogun of Muromachi Bakufu to Kyoto to rebuild the Bakufu, but they fell out, finally Nobunaga ruined the Bakufu in 1573. He set out the fire on Hieizan Enryakuji Temple and overthrew many sengoku daimyos such as Asai, Asakura, Takeda and so on. He built Azuchijo Castle in Oumi (Shigaken). In 1582, He was died at Honnoji Incidnet at Kyot by Mitsuhide Akechi, his retainer.
Nobunaga aimed to gain the power to control whole Japan, so he destroyed the existing authorities controlling medieval society in Japan. His policies such as abolishing barriers, supporting trade, opening free markets and surveying land were succeeded by Hideyoshi Toyotomi and Ieyasu Tokugawa.


参考
クロニック戦国全史
大辞林
新制版 日本史辞典
日本世界人名辞典