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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Edogawa-ku in Tokyo / The Short Summary Of Edogawa-ku

Edogawa-ku is one of 23 words organizing Tokyo Metropolis, lies on the eastern side of the capital city, so it is on the prefectural border. Ichikawa and Urayasu is bounded on the east by it. Edogawa-ku is 49.86 square kilometers in area, so it is the 4th largest ward in Tokyo. Besides, Edogawa-ku has the largest park area per capita. Its population is about 679,000.
Moreover, Komatsuna (Brassica campestris) was born in Edogawa-ku in Edo period. According to the history of Komatsuna Yashiki, the 8th Shogun of Edo Bakufu Yoshimune Tokugawa named it after the land name Komatsugawa. 'Komatsuna Soba', 'Komatsuna Udon' and 'Komatsuna Somen' are sold in the ward as the local foods of Edogawa-ku. And Morning Glories are also special products in this ward.
The area now called Edogawa-ku was under the sea about 3000 years ago, and the land gradually rose up. About 1700 years ago, people had lived in the north part of the ward, some pieces of Haji potteries were found in Kami Koiwa Remains. In addition, a census kept in Shosoin in Nara prefecture recorded in 721 tells that there were 3 villages 'Shmamata', 'Kouwa' and 'Nakamura' in the area in Nara period.
From late Heian to Kamakura period, the area was controlled by Kasai Family and they donated 33 villages to Ise Jingu Shrine, then the villages were called 'Mikuriya (place where some food for the god prepare at)'.
In Sengoku Period, it was the battle fields between Hojo and Satomi Clan, the battles of Konodai are very famous. And Hojo Clan won and gained the power to control the area. In 1590, Hideyoshi Toyotomi who was the Kanpaku Dajodaijin (the supreme minister and chancellor) won the Siege of Odawara, The Hojo Clan recognized themselves and disappointed at their lesser power to fight against Hideyoshi, and gave up, then the Odawara-jo Castle was opened. The Go-Hojo Clan lost the war and ruined.
After that, Ieyasu Tokugawa moved to the Edo castle, and he gained the position of the Shogun who was the military leader of samurais could control Japan, so he founded the Bakufu (the Edo Shogunate) in Edo. In 1594, he started the Tonegawa Tosen Project (the project to move Tone River to the east). Originally, Tonegawa River flowed to Tokyo Bay, and the courses of the river was not fixed and it often flooded. Therefore, people could not cultivate the land well. In 1654, the stream of it directly went to the Pacific Ocean at Choshi City. After that, many newly reclaimed rice fields could be spread in the ward..
And there were thousands of people had passed Edogawa-ku in that period, there were Moto Sakuramichi, Iwatsukimichi and Gyotokumichi highway passed through and Shinkawa river brought large amounts of products from local provinces to Edo. In Edo period, Edogawa-ku was much flourished.
In 1932, Edogawa-ku was born. Edogawa-ku is a wonderful ward to live.


参考
江戸川区ホームページ
小松菜屋敷前案内板
大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
ウィッキペディア

The Map Of Edogawa-ku