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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Taira Family / Heishi

Taira Family / Heishi

Taira Family was the descendants of the Imperial Family, when the Emperors gave them their family name 'Taira' to make them liege subject. Taira Family is often called Heishi. Heishi became the leading clan among sumurai worriers in Japanese history.
The descendants of the Prince Kazurahara, the son of the Emperor Kanmu is called Kanmu Heishi Clan. The beginning of the clan is the prince Takamune, the son of the Prince and Takamochi, the grandson of him. The descendants of Takamune worked at the Imperial Court as courtiers, and the descendants of Takamochi became samurai worriers. The age of his son, Kunika and his grandson, Masakado and Sadamori expanded their influences in Kanto region. However, they lost their bases in Kanto after the battle of Shohei after the battles of Shohei (935-938), Tengyo (938-941) and Taira no Tadatsune (1028). Later the descendants of Sadamori settled at Ise province, then they were called Ise Heishi. The ages of Masamori and Tadamori (the descendants of Sadamori), they actively worked as arms of the Retired Emperors and they had some connections to the center of politics.
At the age of Kiyomori Taira (1118-1181), the son of Tadamori, he seized the political power and founded the samurai government by Heishi when Kiyomori became Daijo Daijin (the Grand Minister) in 1167. Afte his death, Heishi was overthrown by Yoritomo Minamoto at the battle of Dan no Ura in 1185.
Hojo, Chiba, Miura, Soma, Oguri and some families are the descendants of Kanmu Heisi.
And there are other three Heishi families, Ninmei Heishi, the descendants of the Emperor Ninmei, Montoku Heishi, the descendants of the Emperor Montoku and Koukou Heishi, the descendants of the Emperor Koukou.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典

Kanmu Heishi Clan

Kanmu Heisi Clan

There exist four Taira Families and Kanmu Heishi is one of them. The Emperor Kanmu gave the family name, 'Taira' to his four sons, Kuzurahara, Kaya, Manda and Nakano, to make them liege subject. Actually they are all called Kanmu Heishi, the descendants of Takamochi, the grandson of the Prince Kazurahara, is called the name in general.
There are two lineages from the Prince Kazurahara, his son Takamune and his grandson Takamochi. The descendants of Takamune worked at the Imperial Court as courtiers, and the descendants of Takamochi moved to Kanto and became samurai worriers. This lineage became the leading clan among sumurai worriers in Japanese history and this clan is specially called Kanmu Heishi in general. The age of his son, Kunika and his grandson, Masakado and Sadamori expanded their influences in Kanto region. However, they lost their bases in Kanto after the battle of Shohei after the battles of Shohei (935-938), Tengyo (938-941) and Taira no Tadatsune (1028). Later the descendants of Sadamori settled at Ise province, then they were called Ise Heishi. The ages of Masamori and Tadamori (the descendants of Sadamori), they actively worked as arms of the Retired Emperors and they had some connections to the center of politics.
At the age of Kiyomori Taira (1118-1181), the son of Tadamori, he seized the political power and founded the samurai government by Heishi when Kiyomori became Daijo Daijin (the Grand Minister) in 1167. Afte his death, Heishi was overthrown by Yoritomo Minamoto at the battle of Dan no Ura in 1185.
Hojo, Chiba, Kazusa, Miura, Soma, Oguri, Nagao, Chichibu, Kawagoe, Kasai, Edo, Asahina and some families are the descendants of Kanmu Heisi.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典

Taira no Masakado / Masakado Taira

Taira no Masakado / Masakado Taira (?-940)

Taira no Masakado (Masakado Taira) was a great samurai worrier in the middle of Heian Period. He was belonged to Kanmu Heisi Clan, and his father was Yoshimasa Taira, the General to protect the North. He is also called Kojiro Soma.
In his young ages, he went to Kyoto to work at the central government, but he could not, then he went back to his mother land, Shimousa province. He fought against his uncle Kunika to protect his father’s assets, he won the battlesl against his uncle, finally he successfully subjugated the uncle's family. He became a popular leading samurai worriers in Kanto and expanded his influence among Kanto. He tried to negotiate the provincial governors and local officers in Musashi and Hitachi province. However, he was not good for the central government, so he was only a rebel for their perspectives. He tried to make Kanto as a sovereign state. The movements to get independence were called the battles of Shoei and Tengyo. However, he lost the battle and was killed by Sadamori Taira and Hidehira Fujiwara in 940.
Masakado Taira is dedicated at Kanda Myojin Shrine in Kanda Tokyo, Tsukudo Shirne in Kudanshita Tokyo. He is a guardian god of Edo or Tokyo.
He has been very respected in Kanto region, especially Samurai Worriers and farmers have supported him as they had been suppressed by the provincial governors sent by the central government and the central government itself.
Moreover, many people living in Ichikawa City respect Masakado even now.


参考
日本史辞典 新制版
大辞林
世界日本人名事典
改訂新版 市川のむかし話
ウィッキぺディア