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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Toyotomi Family

Toyotomi Family

Toyotomi is one of family names given by the Imperial Court and the family began from Hideyoshi Toyotomi. The family name Toyotomi was given when Hideyoshi became Kanpaku Dajodaijin (the supreme minister and chancellor) in 1586. Before Toyotomi, His family name was Hashiba.
His nephew, Hidetsugu had succeeded the name of Toyotomi and his post once as his adopted heir. However, Hidetsugu was removed and killed by Hideyoshi. After that, Hideyori, the son of Hideyoshi succeeded the head of Toyotomi Family. In 1615, Hideyori died with his mother Yodo at the Siege of Osaka in summer, then Toyotomi Family was wiped out.


The Successive Head of Toyotomi Family

  • 1 Hideyoshi Toyotomi 1603-05
  • 2 Hidetsugu Toyotomi 1605-1623
  • 3 Hideyori Toyotomi 1623-1651 (not became a Kanpaku)
参考
大辞林
新制版 日本史辞典

Hideyoshi Toyotomi

Hideyoshi Toyotomi (1536-1598)

Hideyoshi Toyotomi is one of the sengoku bushos in Azuchi Momoyama Period. He was from Nakamura in Owari provinces (Aichiken), his father was an ashikaru (a foot soldier), Yaemon Kinoshita. He was called Hiyoshimaru in his childhood, then he named Tokichiro Kinoshita when he joined to Oda Clan.
Hideyoshi worked hard at the clan so he promoted very fast. He changed his name Hideyoshi Hashiba when he built Nagahamajo Castle in Oumi province (Shiga Prefecture). He successed at many battles, and he was given the post of the provincial governor of Chikuzen (Fukuoka prefecture).
After Honnoji Incident in 1582 (His master Nobunaga Oda was killed by Mitsuhide Akechi, one of his co-workers), Hideyoshi won the battle against Mitsuhide at Yamazaki and he could gain the power to control the Oda Clan. In 1585, he became Kampaku Dajodaijin (the supreme minister and chancellor). Hideyoshi won the many battles throughout Japan. He finally won the Siege of Odawara in 1590 and he united Japan. He built Jurakudai Castle in Kyoto, Osakajo Castle in Osaka and Fushimijo Castle in Kyoto.
In 1591, Hideyoshi handed over his post to his nephew Hidetsugu and he called himself Taiko (the former Kanpaku), then the Imperial Court gave him the name Toyotomi.
Hideyoshi made some innovative policies, surveying land, collecting swords, coinage, changing military systems are famous. He gained the power to control merchants. Thus some said that he built Baku Han Taisei (the system of shogunate in Edo period).
Hideyoshi died in Fushimijo Castle in Kyoto in 1598.


参考
大辞林
新制版 日本史辞典