Toyotomi is one of family names given by the Imperial Court and the family
began from Hideyoshi Toyotomi
. The family name Toyotomi was given when Hideyoshi became Kanpaku Dajodaijin
(the supreme minister and chancellor) in 1586. Before Toyotomi, His family
name was Hashiba.
His nephew, Hidetsugu had succeeded the name of Toyotomi and his post once as his adopted heir. However, Hidetsugu was removed and killed by Hideyoshi. After that, Hideyori, the son of Hideyoshi succeeded the head of Toyotomi Family. In 1615, Hideyori died with his mother Yodo at the Siege of Osaka in summer, then Toyotomi Family was wiped out.
The Successive Head of Toyotomi Family
- 1 Hideyoshi Toyotomi 1603-05
- 2 Hidetsugu Toyotomi 1605-1623
- 3 Hideyori Toyotomi 1623-1651 (not became a Kanpaku)
Hideyoshi Toyotomi (1536-1598)
Hideyoshi Toyotomi is one of the sengoku bushos
in Azuchi Momoyama Period
. He was from Nakamura in Owari provinces (Aichiken), his father was an
ashikaru (a foot soldier), Yaemon Kinoshita. He was called Hiyoshimaru
in his childhood, then he named Tokichiro Kinoshita when he joined to Oda Clan
Hideyoshi worked hard at the clan so he promoted very fast. He changed
his name Hideyoshi Hashiba when he built Nagahamajo Castle in Oumi province
(Shiga Prefecture). He successed at many battles, and he was given the
post of the provincial governor of Chikuzen (Fukuoka prefecture).
After Honnoji Incident in 1582 (His master Nobunaga Oda
was killed by Mitsuhide Akechi, one of his co-workers), Hideyoshi won
the battle against Mitsuhide at Yamazaki and he could gain the power to
control the Oda Clan. In 1585, he became Kampaku Dajodaijin (the supreme
minister and chancellor). Hideyoshi won the many battles throughout Japan.
He finally won the Siege of Odawara
in 1590 and he united Japan. He built Jurakudai Castle in Kyoto, Osakajo
Castle in Osaka and Fushimijo Castle in Kyoto.
In 1591, Hideyoshi handed over his post to his nephew Hidetsugu and he
called himself Taiko (the former Kanpaku), then the Imperial Court gave
him the name Toyotomi.
Hideyoshi made some innovative policies, surveying land, collecting swords,
coinage, changing military systems are famous. He gained the power to control
merchants. Thus some said that he built Baku Han Taisei (the system of shogunate in Edo period
Hideyoshi died in Fushimijo Castle in Kyoto in 1598.