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Nakayama is between Narita And Haneda International Airport

中山・下総・散歩道

Nichiren, the founder of the Nichiren Sect

Nichiren(1222-1282)

Nichiren was a priest from Awa-no-kuni(the southern Chiba prefecture) in Kamakura period, he found the Nichren Sect.
He entered Seiryo-ji Temple when he was twelve years old, then he studied Tendai Sect. At sixteen years old, he became a priest and, first he was named Rencho.
After he studied a lot at Mt.Hiei in Shiga Prefecture, Kyoto and Kamakura in Kanagawa Prefecture, he has some questions of traditional faith and study on Buddhism. He went back to his hometown, he was convinced that everybody could know the real teaching of Buddha when they would study along to Lotus Sutra, so he recited the chant in Lotus Sutra of Buddhism, 'Nam-myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo' to preach the faith in Hokekyo (Lotus Sutra), and he named 'Nichiren' himself in 1253. However, Nichiren was pressed by the government at Kamakura since he aggressively criticized Jodo Sect, Zen Sect and other Buddhism sects at his street preaching. He wrote 'Rissho-ankoku-ron' and offered it to Tokiyori Hojo the Shikken (the regent) at the Kamakura Bakufu, but Tokiyori ignored him. But he continued his preaching with the severe critics to the others, finally he exiled to Ito in Izu-no-kuni (Shizuoka prefecture)in 1261. After he was freed in 1263, he continued to criticize others again, then he was attacked that they are known as 'Komatsubara-no-honan' in 1264 (at that time, he escaped to Nakayama in Shimousa)and 'Takiguchi-no-honan' in 1271. Then he exiled to Sado island (Niigata prefecture). After he freed in 1274, he went back to Kamakura. Even though he went to Minobu to seclude and stayed there, he continued his missionary works. He guided many disciples, the six great disciples Nissho', 'Nichiro', 'Nikko of Minobu', 'Nikko of Fuji', 'Niccho' and 'Nichiji' were famous and very important. He was died at Ikegami in Musashi-no-kuni (Tokyo). His works are 'Kaimoku-sho' 'Shugo-kokka-ron' and 'Kanjin-honzon-sho'. His chokushi-go (a name granted by Imperial Court) was Rissho-Daishi.


参考
デジタル大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典

Nichiren Sect / Nichren Shu

Nichiren Sect / Nichiren Shu

Nichiren Sect was one of the Buddhism Sects in Japan that Nichiren founded. Teachings of the sect based on 'Hokekyo' (Lotus Stra) first, then it also studied 'Muryo-gi-kyo' and 'Kan-fugen-kyo'.and it emphasized to chant 'Nam-myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo'. The Nichiren Sects built the Sandaihiho (the Three Great Secret Dharmas) comprises the fundamental dharmas in Buddhism by Nichiren and consists of Honmon no Honzon (the Object of Veneration of the Essential Teachings of the Lotus Sutra), Honmon no Kaidan (the Platform for the Receipt of the Precepts and Place of Practice of the Essential Teachings of the Lotus Sutra) and Honmon no Daimoku (the Sacred Title of the Essential Teachings of the Lotus Sutra). However, only reciting the Nichiren chant ‘Nam-myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo’ is the principal practice. The founder Nichiren raised many disciples, especially, the six great disciples, 'Nissho', 'Nichiro', 'Nikko of Minobu', 'Nikko of Fuji', 'Niccho' and 'Nichiji' were the famous and important.


参考
デジタル大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
ウィッキペディアより

Rissho-Ankoku-Ron

Rissho-Ankoku-Ron / The Establishment Of Righteousness And The Security Of The Country

Rissyo-Ankoku-Ron is a Buddhism text written by Nichiren in 1260, was given to Tokiyori Hojo, the Sikken (the regent) in Kamakura. In Rissho-Ankoku-ron, Nichren stressed that the reasons they had got the natural desasters at that time should be the result that had had violated the teachings of 'Hokekyo' (Lotus Sutra), to believe 'Hokekyo' faithfully would be the only way to keep the country peaceful. Rissho-Ankoku-Ron is one of the masterpieces of Nichiren, and it is designated as a Nationa Treasure of Japan. Nakayama Hokekyo-ji Temple keeps it under strict surveillance.

参考
デジタル大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
ウィッキペディアより

Kanjin-Honzon-Sho

Kanjin-Honzon-Sho is the most important book written by Nichiren in 1273 at Sado island as he had exiled. The 'Nyorai Metsu-go Gohyakusai Hajime Kanjin-Honzon-Sho' ( After five hundred years have passed since Buddha passed away, the favourable principal of Buddha starts) is the official name of it, and it called dividedly 'Kajin-sho' and 'Honzon-sho'. According to the book, Nichiren stressed that the 'Kanjin'such as Honzon (the principal imege of Buddha) are realized by 'Hokekyo', to recite the chant 'Nam-myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo' is the way to atttain Buddhahood, and it is designated as a Nationa Treasure of Japan. Nakayama Hokekyo-ji Temple keeps it under strict surveillance.

参考
デジタル大辞林
ブリタニカ国際大百科事典
ウィッキペディアより